Labor and material costs are also directly proportionate to sales. These are things that go directly into the making of the product or into doing the service. a. Labor cost is the actual direct labor used in the making of product or doing the service. The cost would also include all the fringe benefits like social security, payroll taxes, vacation pay, holidays, sick pay days, etc. b. Material costs are all the materials used in the making of product or in doing the service. In the lawn mower service as an example it would be the gasoline used in the mower and any other materials used directly in that service. For producing a product it would be all the materials used in the product that is sent to the customer including all the packaging materials.
Part five, the last part, is generically labelled "Getting the money you need" and contains two chapters, that is, chapters 26 and 27. Chapter 26 is based on applying for a loan. According to Balanko_Dickson here, small business loans can be used for a variety of purposes. He says for example, a loan can help you buy a business, start a new one and expand an existing one. The author educates that you will deal directly with the bank's loan officers. "Make no mistake however, major small business loans are reviewed by loan committees. Typically, loan officers are not part of a loan committee....Understanding your role and the role of the loan officer and the loan committee will help guide you through the approval process. It is a team game, and, as they say, there is no 'I' in 'team'," asserts Balanko_Dickson.